Metrohm is pleased to present an Application Bulletin describing the determination of free and total chlorine by iodometric titration.
To disinfect water for human consumption, chlorine is added to the water in some countries. Chlorine is highly toxic, organisms like bacteria are killed and the onset of waterborne diseases like cholera is prevented. Not only is chlorine toxic to microorganisms, it is toxic for humans as well. The main reason for its toxicity is the fact that chlorine may react with other organic compounds to form disinfection by-products (DBPs) like trichloromethane and chloroacetic acid. Therefore the maximum permissible value is strictly controlled.
AB 249 shows the possibility to determine chlorine according to three different methods. These methods are modified slightly in each case, by e. g., omitting the mercury chloride for stabilization or replacing the potassium dichromate with potassium permanganate.